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Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasures Plan (SPCC Plan)

The SPCC regulations, found in 40 CFR 112, require the owners and operators of facilities to prepare and implement spill prevention plans to avoid oil spills into navigable waters or adjoining shorelines. SPCC plans must identify operating procedures in place and control measures installed to prevent oil spills, and countermeasures to contain, clean up, or mitigate the effects of any oil spills that occur. The plan must be updated as conditions change at your construction site.

Calculate your total aboveground storage capacity by adding together the storage capacity of all of your storage tanks as well as the fuel and fluid (e.g., hydraulic fluid) tanks on your mobile and operational equipment. In this calculation, include only those tanks that have more than 55 gallons of storage capacity.

The SPCC rule includes spill prevention and countermeasure plans for spills from aboveground and certain underground storage tanks. A construction site project must meet SPCC regulatory requirements if it meets the following three criteria:

  • It stores, uses, transfers, or otherwise handles oil;
  • It has a maximum aboveground storage capacity greater than 1,320 gallons of oil (which includes both bulk and operational storage volumes) OR total underground storage capacity greater than 42,000 gallons of oil; AND
  • There is a reasonable expectation (based on the location of your site) that an oil spill would reach navigable waters or adjoining shorelines of the U.S.

Preparation of the SPCC Plan is the responsibility of the facility owner or operator, or it can be prepared by an engineer or consultant but it must be certified by a registered Professional Engineer (PE).

If a spill occurs, you must follow the spill response procedures outlined in your SPCC plan. These procedures should include identifying the spilled material, restricting the flow of any remaining material within the original container, confining the spill area with absorbent materials or dikes, beginning remediation and decontamination of the affected areas, and notifying all of the appropriate parties.

EPA must be notified of any spills over 1,000 gallons or of any two spills over 42 gallons within a 12 month period. Additionally, the site should add a copy of the report with oil spill details to the SPCC Plan documentation for any reportable oil spills. The oil spill details should include correction actions taken, cause of discharge, and additional preventive measures taken.

Regulation: Oil Pollution Prevention; Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Rule - Final Amendments