State Lead Paint Abatement Tool
State Regulations | Lead Renovation, Repair and Painting Resources
Lead-Based Paint Waste
Lead-based paint has been banned since 1978, but many older structures still have this paint on walls, woodwork, siding, windows, and doors. Construction and demolition workers can be exposed to lead contamination by cutting, scraping, sanding, heating, burning, or blasting lead-based paint from building components, metal bridges and metal storage tanks. In addition to exposure to workers, lead-based paint debris or dust can also make its way into soil, potentially contaminating surface waters. Lead poisoning is a serious health threat for adults and is especially damaging to young children.
In most states,
C&D debris contaminated with lead-based paint must be managed in different ways depending upon where the debris came from and what it is. For example, lead-based paint waste (e.g., paint chips, dust, and sludges) from removal or remediation activities and C&D
debris from commercial or industrial sites that is contaminated with lead-based
paint must be managed as RCRA hazardous waste if a representative sample
meets the toxicity characteristic (D008). However, in most states, contractors
working to renovate, remodel, or abate lead-based paint in homes are allowed
to dispose of lead-based paint waste as household garbage. In many states,
contractors who generate the waste in this manner do not need to determine
whether the waste meets the toxicity characteristic under RCRA.
In all cases,
when encountering lead-based paint waste or C&D debris that is contaminated
with lead-based paint, contractors are urged to contact their state authority
which rules apply.
Most states operate training and certification programs for lead-based paint activities in target housing and child-occupied facilities. There are 11 states (AK, FL, ID, MT, NM, NY, NV, SC, SD, WA, and WY) that are not operating their own authorized lead training program for target housing and child-occupied facilities. For these states EPA operates a Federal training and certification program. In many states, the rules for training and certification extend to certain construction activities, such as those associated with commercial buildings or residential housing. Check out the rules in your state before engaging in lead-based paint activities.
2008 Rule Establishes Requirements to Protect Children During Renovation, Repair and Painting Activities that Disturb Lead-Based Paint
On March 31, 2008, to better protect children from lead-based paint hazards, EPA issued a new rule for home improvement contractors and maintenance professionals who renovate or repair pre-1978 housing, child care facilities or schools. The rule requires that by April 2010 contractors and maintenance professionals be certified, that their employees be trained, and that they follow protective lead-safe work practice standards (see EPA fact sheet).
The covered facilities include residential, public or commercial buildings where children under age six are present on a regular basis as well as all rental housing. The rule applies to renovation, repair or painting activities. It does not apply to minor maintenance or repair activities affecting less than six square feet of lead-based paint in a room or less than 20 square feet of lead-based paint on the exterior. Window replacement is not minor maintenance or repair.
For various compliance assistance resources for the new lead rule, see Lead Renovation, Repair and Painting Resources.
Confused About Abatement vs. RRP?
Lead-based paint inspection, risk assessment and abatement services are regulated differently than renovation, repair and painting (RRP) jobs, even though, in some cases, the activities are similar.
- Lead abatement projects are designed to permanently eliminate existing lead-based paint hazards, and may be ordered by a state or local government in response to a lead-poisoned child or other reason. Only trained and certified individuals may perform lead abatement.
- Renovation, repair and painting (RRP) projects are typically performed at the option of the property owner for aesthetic or other reasons, or as an interim control to minimize lead issues. It is not designed to permanently address lead-based paint. However, RRP projects can disturb lead-based paint in homes and buildings built before 1978 and cause lead hazards, even when none existed before. Therefore, they are also regulated and require certification. If you are seeking information on EPA's rules requiring lead-safe renovation, repair and painting to prevent lead hazards see CICA's Renovation, Repair and Painting (RRP) Program page.
States and tribes may become authorized to implement this rule. The rule contains procedures for the authorization of states, territories, and tribes to administer and enforce these standards and regulations in lieu of a federal program.
The purpose of this on-line tool is to provide quick access to:
Use the pulldown or the sensitive map to find links to lead paint resources on state websites.
- state rules relating to lead/construction issues,
- state or federal programs that provide training and certification,
- resources that can help achieve compliance.
Click on a state's initials: