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Hazardous Waste | State Regulations | Asbestos | Lead | Mercury | Other Resources

Asbestos

Overview | Asbestos NESHAP Resources | Asbestos Worker Protection Resources
Asbestos State Regulation Locator

Overview

"Asbestos" is not a single, specific material -- it is the name given to a group of naturally occurring minerals.  For example, you may come across the following mineral names, any of which may be referred to as "asbestos":  chrysotile, amosite, crocidolite, tremolite asbestos, anthophyllite asbestos, or actinolite asbestos.  In addition, any of these materials that have been chemically treated and/or altered may be considered asbestos.

Asbestos is used in certain products where heat and corrosion resistance is important, such as building materials and vehicle brakes.  For building materials, asbestos is most often found in products such as shingles, floor tiles, cement pipe and sheet, roofing felts, insulation, ceiling tiles, fire-resistant drywall, and acoustical products.  You are particularly likely to find asbestos in older materials in existing buildings.

Asbestos is known to be a health hazard.  If inhaled, it accumulates in the lungs, creating scar tissue that makes it more difficult to breathe, and leading to a type of lung cancer called mesothelioma, which is almost always fatal by the time it is diagnosed.   Therefore, asbestos is extensively regulated. For the construction industry, there are two primary concerns, each having its own set of rules:

  • EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) established rules under the authority of the Clean Air Act (CAA) to protect the general public from the release of airborne asbestos fibers during the demolition or renovation of buildings. These rules are referred to as the Asbestos NESHAP (National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants). They cover work practices to be followed during demolition and renovation and other activities involving the processing, handling, and disposal of asbestos-containing material.
  • EPA established asbestos regulations under the Toxics Substance Control Act (TSCA) in part to prevent or eliminate unreasonable risks to health or the environment associated with chemical substances or mixtures. While much of subchapter II of the TSCA statute focuses on asbestos in local education agencies (LEAs), there is one program that is applicable to public and commercial building renovations and demolitions. The Model Accreditation Plan (MAP) requires workers associated with an asbestos renovation or demolition operation at a public or commercial building must be properly trained and accredited for the work they do on-site.
  • OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Agency) and EPA established rules to protect the health of workers that are most likely to contact asbestos. These rules established strict worker exposure limits and set out requirements for employers regarding exposure assessment, medical surveillance, recordkeeping, and hazard communication. The EPA rules cover state and local government employees and the OSHA rules cover private sector workers.
EPA and OSHA asbestos regulations have been in place for some time and a lot of useful compliance assistance materials already exist. In order to help you find those items which are likely to be most useful to you, this page presents a selection of the resources that CICA considers the best, and the most relevant to the construction industry.

The information presented below pertains only to federal regulations. Please note that state (and sometimes local) asbestos regulations are often more stringent and far reaching than the federal regulations. Therefore, you should also use the CICA Asbestos State Regulation Locator to learn about the rules in your state.

Asbestos NESHAP Resources

Asbestos NESHAP Adequately Wet Guidance

Demolition Practices Under the Asbestos NESHAP
A plain language summary of the Asbestos NESHAP covering pre-demolition activities, demolition practices by type of ACM and by method, waste handling, and disposal practices.

Common Questions on the Asbestos NESHAP
Many of the questions included on this web page have been raised by demolition and renovation contractors in recent years. Most questions relate to how a demolition or renovation contractor or building owner can best comply with the regulation. The responses assume that the questioner has a basic understanding of the Asbestos NESHAP and demolition and renovation practices. A brief glossary of terms is also included at the bottom of the web page. www.epa.gov/region4/air/asbestos/

Asbestos NESHAP Adequately Wet Guidance
The purpose of this web page is to provide guidance to asbestos inspectors and the regulated community on how to determine if friable ACM is adequately wet, as required by the Asbestos NESHAP.
http://www.epa.gov/region4/air/asbestos/awet.htm

Asbestos/NESHAP Regulated Asbestos Containing Materials Guidance
The purpose of this web page is to assist asbestos inspectors and the regulated community in determining whether or not a material is RACM and thus subject to the Asbestos NESHAP. http://www.epa.gov/region4/air/asbestos/asbmatl.htm

Field Guide: Reporting And Record Keeping Requirements For Waste Disposal
This is a web page designed to help you comply with the new reporting and record keeping requirements of the asbestos National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP). The specific responsibilities of waste generators, transporters and waste disposal site operators are addressed, as well as detailed explanations of how to complete the new forms accurately and efficiently.
http://www.epa.gov/region4/air/asbestos/waste.html

Asbestos Worker Protection Resources

OSHA's Asbestos Standard for the Construction Industry
A booklet published by OSHA that explains the provisions of the OSHA standards (29 CFR 1926.1101) that pertain to the construction industry.

OSHA 10-Hour Construction Industry Outreach-Trainer Presentations
These materials are designed to assist trainers conducting OSHA 10-hour Construction Industry outreach training for workers. Since workers are the target audience, these materials emphasize hazard identification, avoidance, and control - not standards. No attempt has been made to treat the ten topics exhaustively.

40 CFR 763 (Asbestos Worker Protection)
In this Final Rule, EPA amends both the Asbestos Worker Protection Rule (WPR) and the Asbestos-in-Schools Rule. The WPR amendment protects State and local government employees (construction work, custodial work, and automotive brake and clutch repair work) from the health risks of exposure to asbestos to the same extent as private sector workers by adopting for these employees the Asbestos Standards of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).

CICA Asbestos State Resource Locator

OSHA Standards, including Preambles to OSHA Standards
This is a complete listing of OSHA regulations pertaining to asbestos. If you are looking for the regulations covering exposure during renovation and demolition, go to 1926.1101